Marefat E Nafs Competition

Marefat-E-Nafs Competition

من عرف نفسه فقد عرف ربه

Imam Ali (a.s)in a dialogue with Kumail narrated (حديث النفس للأمام علي بن أبي طالب (ع

Hadeeth Al Nafs (for Imam Ali (as))

Dear Brothers & sisters: Al Salam alaikum. These are the 2 narrations of Hadeeth Al Nafs for Imam Ali (as). one to Kumail bin Ziad and the other to a Muslim person. Both of them are great and the benefit has been taken from both of them in our lessons. Please find below each version of the Hadeeth with translation. Also I have included the table that helped me to remember the Hadeeth (it could be of help for some of you otherwise just ignore it).

1. The 1st narration with a Muslim person:

ورد أن أعرابياً سأل أميرالمؤمنين عن النفس فقال له أمير المؤمنين :(عن أي الأنفس تسأل ) فقال الأعرابي يا مولاي هل النفس عديدة ؟ فقال : نعم .

A Muslim man asked Imam Ali (as) about the soul. Imam said: Which soul are you asking about? The man said do we have many souls? Imam said: yes we do.

نفس نامية نباتية ونفس حسية حيوانية ونفس ناطقة قدسية ونفس إلهية ملكوتية

Plantic displaying soul, animalistic soul, Divine Intellectual Soul, Divine Universal Soul

فقال الأعرابي وما النباتية ؟ فقال : قوة أصلها الطبائع الأربع بدء إيجادها عند مسقط النطفة مقرها الكبد ، مادتها من لطائف الأغذية ، فعلها النمو والزيادة ، وسبب فراقها اختلاف المتولدات ، فإذا فارقت عادت إلى ما منه بدأت عود ممازجة لا عود مجاورة

The man said: and what is the Plantic soul?

Imam said: a power (potential) its source is the 4 faculties of human nature. Its creation starts from the time of the Zygote. Its centre is the liver. It grows from the food, and its action is Growth and increment. The reason for its departure is the change in its outcomes, when it departs, it goes to what it came from à to mix with it and be part of it, not just lie inside it.

فقال الأعرابي يا مولاي وما النفس الحيوانية ؟ فقال :قوة فلكية وحرارة غريزية أصلها الأفلاك بدء إيجادها عند الولادة الجسمانية ، فعلها الحياة والحركة والظلم والغشم والغلبة واكتساب الأموال والشهوات الدنيوية ، مقرها القلب سبب فراقها اختلاف المتولدات ، فإذا فارقت عادت إلى ما منه بدأت عود ممازجة لا عود مجاورة ، فتنعدم صورتها ويبطل فعلها ووجودها ، ويضمحل

The man said: Oh Maoli and what is animalistic soul?

Imam said: Astronomical power, and a desires drive. Its source from the galaxies. It starts from the time when the body recognized (in the mothers whom), its actions are: Living, moving, being unjust, taking others rights, winning, gaining money and fulfilling desires needs. Its centre is the heart (brain). The reason for its departure is the change in its outcomes, when it departs, it goes to what it came from à to mix with it and be part of it, not just lie inside it.

The man said: Oh Maoli and what is Divine Intellectual Soul? Imam said: a divine power, it starts at the time of birth to this life. Its centre the logical religious knowledge. It grows from the intellectual acceptances (agreements). Its action is reaching the heavenly knowledge.

حية بالذات أصلها العقل منه بدأت وعنه وعت وإليه دلت وأشارت ، وعودتها إليه إذا كملت وشابهته ، ومنها بدأت الموجودات وإليها تعود بالكمال ، فهي ذات الله العليا وشجرة طوبى وسدرة المنتهى وجنة المأوى ، من عرفها لم يشق ومن جهلها ضل سعيه وغوى )

The man said: Oh Maoli and what is Divine Universal Soul?

Imam said: a divine power, and encompassing essence (jawhar), living by itself. Its source is the intellect, from intellect it started, learnt from it, to intellect it guides and towards it, it points. To intellect it will go back if it perfects itself to be similar to it (intellect). From this soul the existing being started and to it  it will go back by perfection. It is the ( That ) of Allah ( sorry I can not translate (That) as I have not reached that level of Maarif to claim that I know the real translation) , the tree of Toba, the final destination tree, and the final indwelling paradise. Who knows it will not suffer, and who does not, will miss the right way.

2. Kumail bin Ziad narration:

وعن كميل بن زياد أنه قال : سئلت مولانا أميرالمؤمنين علياً فقلت : يا أمير المؤمنين أريد أن تعرفني نفسي . فقال ياكميل وأي الأنفس تريد أن أعرفك ؟ قلت : يا مولاي هل هي إلا نفس واحدة ؟! قال : يا كميل إنما هي أربعة :

Kumail bin Ziad narrated that he asked Imam Ali (as): oh Ameer al moamneen I would like you to teach me about my soul? Imam said: and which soul you want me to teach you about? I said: do we have more than one soul?!

Imam said: Oh Kumail they are 4:

النامية النباتية و الحسية الحيوانية والناطقة القدسية والكلية الإلهية . ولكل واحدة من هذه خمس قوى وخاصيتان

Plantic displaying soul, animalistic soul, Divine Intellectual Soul, Divine Universal Soul -- - - - - and for each there is 5 powers and 2 characteristics.

فالنامية النباتية لها خمس قوى : ماسكة وجاذبة وهاضمة ودافعة ومربية ولها خاصيتان : الزيادة والنقصان . وانبعاثها من الكبد

The Plantic Soul has 5 powers: Capturing, Pulling, Digesting, Pushing, and Nurturing. It has 2 characteristics: Increment and Decrement.

والحسية الحيوانية لها خمس قوى : سمع وبصر وشم وذوق ولمس ، ولها خاصيتان : الرضا والغضب . وانبعاثها من القلب

The Animalistic Soul: it has 5 powers; Hearing, Seeing, Smelling, Tasting, and Touching. It has 2 characteristics: Contentment and Anger.

والناطقة القدسية لها خمس قوى : فكر وذكر وعلم وحلم ونباهة ، وليس لها انبعاث ، وهي أشبه الأشياء بالنفس الفلكية ، ولها خاصيتان : النزاهة والحكمة

The Divine Intellectual: it has 5 powers; Thinking, Remembering, Knowledge, Patience, and Vigilance. It has 2 characteristics: Honesty and Wisdom.

والكلية الإلهية لها خمس قوى : بهاء في فناء ونعيم في شقاء وعز في ذل وفقر في غناء وصبر في بلاء . ولها خاصيتان الرضا والتسليم ،

The divine universal soul: it has 5 powers; a shining beauty in an annihilation, a comfort in a misery, a dignity in an indignity, a poverty in a richness, and a patience in a difficulty. It has 2 characteristics: contentment and surrender.

وهذه التي مبدئها من الله وإليه تعود قال الله تعالى (ونفخت فيه من روحي) وقال تعالى : (يا أيتها النفس المطمئنة ارجعي إلى ربكِ راضيةً مرضية) والعقل في وسط الكل ) البحار ج 58 ص 84 - 8

This soul starts from God and will go back to him, as Allah said (I blew in him from my soul) and he said: (oh you calm satisfied soul, come back to your Lord, well pleased (yourself), and well-pleasing to Him!) And the mind in the mid of all of that. Source: (Bihar al anwar chapter 58, p. 84)

Following is a table which will inshaAllah help everyone to compare and understand these souls and their attributes:

The 4 souls

The Souls The Plantic Soul Animalistic Soul The Divine Intellectual The Divine Universal
Its origin The 4 faculties of human nature From the galaxies(astronomical) Divine Divine
Its start From the time of the Zygote The time when the body recognized (in the mothers whom) The time of birth to this life Originally living
Its centre Liver Heart The logical religious knowledge ?
Its substance ( grows from) Food ? The intellectual acceptances ( agreements) ?
Its Powers Capturing, Pulling, Digesting, Pushing, Nurturing Hearing, Seeing, Smelling, Tasting, Touching Thinking, Remembering, Knowledge, Patience, Vigilance -a shining beauty in an annihilation, -a comfort in a misery, -a dignity in an indignity, -a poverty in a richness, -and a patience in a difficulty
Its Characteristics Increment And Decrement Contentment And Anger Honesty and Wisdom Contentment and surrender
Its Actions Growth & displaying Living, Moving, Being Unjust, Taking Others Rights, Winning, Gaining money and fulfilling desires needs Reaching the heavenly knowledge To intellect it guides and towards it, it points
Reason for its departure The change in its outcomes The change in its outcomes The disintegration of the body parts ?
Its destiny It goes to what it came from --> to mix with it and be part of it, not just lie inside it It goes to what it came from --> to mix with it and be part of it, not just lie inside it It goes to what it came from --> to be beside it and not to mix with it It will go back by perfection. It is the ( That ) of Allah ( sorry I can not translate (That) as I have not reached that level of Maarif to claim that I know the real translation) , the tree of Toba, the final destination tree, and the final indwelling paradise

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